Series of initiatives and momentum since the Bonn SBs sessions in 2019 have been building towards COP25; ranging from negotiation group preparatory meetings to the high-level UN Secretary-General (UNSG) Submit.  The UNSG submit in particularly prompted countries to promote the integration of climate change in national development and the acceleration of technical examination of measures and policies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change.


In June 2019, the Bonn session negotiated many agenda items with little or no solid conclusions. And the IPCC Special Report has indicated the need for Global Warming to spike without rapid and deep cuts to global greenhouse gas emissions, which go far beyond the aggregated pledges made by parties in their NDCs. And this will impede the implementation of the rule book in relation to the Paris Agreement; which will result in more catastrophic climate impacts. Reaching our reduction goal in the temperature trend will require a very rapid change in our behavioural changes, land systems and energy. Nonetheless, the protection of our natural areas and biodiversity will require our immediate actions.



This December, the world’s nations will meet in Santiago, Chile, for the COP25 climate change conference. The outcome will be of great importance as any other climate change talks in determining whether the world still has a chance to fully implement the Paris Agreement and it’s Katowice Rule Book and thus protects humanity and nature from the worst impacts of climate change.



 Expectations: The following outcomes are my initial expectation for the COP25: 

Ø There is a need for parties and all players to urgently scale up actions and supports regarding NDC enhancement. The issue of NDC enhancement is not an agenda item but will be very important this year for parties to show the commitments made so far in revising and enhancing their NDCs during the COP25 high-level segment in line with their fair share, and with an increased ambition that responds to the science and the reduction pathways.


Ø The final COP24 outcome in relation to the IPCC report that was negotiated during the SB50 in Bonn was controversially concluded due to some Parties views of not welcoming the IPCCC special report. However, I am expecting parties to make use of the information in the report under all relevant agenda items during the COP25 negotiations.



Ø I expect the Finalization and adoption of the “scope of the next periodic review of the long-term global goal” capturing 2020 as the start date under its mandate, and timing should be allowed for the inclusion of all IPCC reports coming in the sixth assessment report cycle.  Also, the review must address concerns regarding duplication of work with regards to the global stocktake.  In which, any outcome of the review (technical report of the Structured Expert Dialogue) can be used as inputs into the global stocktake.



Ø Finally, I expect a mechanism for provision of supports for Loss and damage issues building on the IPCC’s Special Report on 1.5°C, which has created a new sense of urgency for action and a conviction that a more robust mechanism on loss and damage is needed to address the impacts and residual risks that result from very real limits to adaptation, even at 1.5°C of warming.


Faithfully Submitted

Gabriel Kpaka

Deputy Director-General/Head of Operations and

UNFCCC National Focal Point

Sierra Leone Meteorological Agency